A scientist claims to have found the perfect way to make a cup of tea and it’s not going to go down well with most brew drinkers.
Apparently the ‘correct’ answer to whether milk or water should be added first when making tea is milk first.
This highly controversial news comes from new research which explored how to make the best brew in places with hard water.
It found that a high mineral content in hard water prevents flavour compounds from forming properly, with an expert claiming that adding the milk in first allows its proteins to lock in taste.
Alan Mackie, professor of colloid chemistry in the department of food and nutrition at Leeds University, said that flavour comes from tea compounds like tannins, and that by adding milk after the water tannins will turn into solids before they develop flavour.
Professor Mackie said: ““Flavour by and large is produced by the different compounds in tea including tannins in particular.
“The more minerals present in water the more difficult it is for these compounds to develop the flavour – resulting in the dull cuppas you get in hard water areas.
“Making tea the traditional way – steeping a bag in hot water before removing it and adding milk – results in the tannins turning into solids before they can develop the flavour properly.
“But, if the milk is added at the start of the steeping process then its proteins can bind to the tannins and other minerals in the water – preventing them from turning solid – which in turn gives you a far superior flavour.”
The research was led by hot tap manufacturer INTU Boiling Water Taps, with manager director Kieran Taylor-Bradshaw saying: “A decent cuppa brings joy and brightens the day, but for too many it remains a distant dream, with hard water to blame.
“But by enlisting the services of the nation’s foremost food scientist, at INTU we’re delighted to be able to bring an end to the misery that blights millions of lives.
“With more than three decades at the forefront of his field, Professor Mackie has an unrivalled understanding of the complex interplay of compounds that goes into producing flavour.”
Calls for smoking to be banned in pub beer gardens and outdoor seating areas
However, an outdoor smoking ban in is not universally supported
A recent study found that 1 in 5 ex-smokers think a ban on smoking in pub beer gardens and outdoor areas would help them quit the habit for good.
The Quitting Smoking for Mental Health study spoke to 1,000 current and ex-smokers from all around the country to find out what measures would be best for smoking cessation.
This was the response they got:
- 26% wanted a ‘smoking ban in all public places, including hospitals, parks and bus stops’
- 20% wanted a ‘ban on smoking on pub premises, including pub gardens and outdoor seating’
- 19% wanted a ‘workplace ban on smoking on the premises and cigarette breaks’
According to smoking cessation charity ASH, the study – which was conducted by Vape Club – discovered that 43.9% of ex-smokers found their mental health had improved since they quit smoking.
It also found that the pandemic has been the driving force behind an ‘astonishing’ quit rate among young smokers, although some stressed concerns that pubs reopening may mean they relapse.
Stephanie Barnes, an ex-smoker, said: “It’s quite a tricky one I’d imagine as some outside pub spaces aren’t big enough to separate the garden but I think separate areas would be a good idea.
“Try and remember how far you’ve come – ie if you quit smoking for three months then what is making you want to start when in a pub? Remember how smoking made you feel, for me it was stomach pains and chesty and remember why you’re so much better without it”.
ASH are calling for the current ‘pop up’ pavement licences to be made 100% smokefree, as a way of helping smokers to ‘quit and stay quit’.
They also want to provide family-friendly spaces, as well as preventing any harm caused by second-hand smoke.
Jonathan James, owner of The Boathouse pub, said: “We see an increase in smoking when people drink alcohol. We are fortunate to have an extensive external space, with tables that are very well spaced and table service for safety with the pandemic.
“While we see no need to implement a no smoking policy as it would reduce trade, I can understand urban venues with limited outside access would have an issue.
“I can imagine that a blanket ban would make it easier for an ex-smoker, simply because they no longer have to tell themselves not to smoke. ‘You can’t smoke’ is much easier than ‘you can but best you don’t smoke’, especially after a few Mojitos!”
However, an outdoor smoking ban in pub beer gardens is not universally supported.
Simon Clark, director of the smokers’ group Forest, said: “There is absolutely no justification for banning smoking outside pubs and thankfully there is very little support for it.
“If ex-smokers are so easily tempted to relapse that’s their problem not the publican’s.”
He added: “Demands to ban smoking outside are the last thing publicans need as they try to recover from lockdown.
“Ultimately it’s a matter for them, not government or anti-smoking campaigners, to choose a policy that best suits their business and attracts the largest number of customers.”
Morrisons shoppers upset over ‘intimidating’ Union Jack packaging in the supermarket
Morrisons use of the Union Jack flag on British products has kicked off a debate online.
It was sparked when a shopper posted a picture of the Union Jack branding on the supermarket’s eggs and butter.
Pictures of the products were posted to Twitter, with the customer writing: “Just back from a trip to Morrisons. Is it just me, or have their butter and eggs always been this… patriotic?”
The post sparked a debate and divided opinion in the comments, with some saying they will boycott the items while others argued it was just marking them as being British products.
Someone replied to the tweet to say: “Very upset by porridge I saw in Morrisons. This flagging everything is very unpleasant and quite intimidating.”
A second added: “Retaliate. I’m no longer buying anything packaged as such. Hurt them through their bank accounts.”
While another replied: “Won’t be buying eggs from Morrisons.”
Some people were confused as to why people were so offended by the Union flag being on British products.
One person said: “I can’t believe you all get triggered over the fact it’s showing we have British products in our stores. You should be proud that it’s cut down on air miles and transport costs and in turn is helpful for the environment. No, you’d rather moan about the national flag.”
A second asked: “They also have the French flag on Brie and Camembert cheeses and the Italian flag on a number of meats. Should we remove them as well? Or is it just because it is the British flag?”
Handbag thief faceplants into ‘one way’ sign after stealing £760 Moschino bag in the city centre
That’s gotta hurt…
A man trying to make a swift getaway from police ended up getting more than he bargained for.
The suspect ended up with a sore head after smashing into a ‘one way’ sign after his concentration slipped.
The 33-year-old male was attempting to give Greater Manchester Police the slip after stealing a £760 Moschino bag in the city centre.
While he was making off from officers he looked behind him and ended up faceplanting straight into the sign.
He was subsequently arrested and taken into custody to recover from a ‘sore head’.
GMP took to Twitter and Facebook yesterday to share the news, saying that ‘all signs suggest he’ll make a full recovery’.
GMP City Centre wrote: “One way to custody… A 33yr old male stole a £760 Moschino hand bag. Whilst making off from officers, he looked behind him & then faceplanted straight into a One Way road sign.
“Male now in custody recovering from a sore head, all signs suggest he’ll make a full recovery!”