On August 6th, 2011, London descended into chaos as thousands of rioters and looters took to the streets in protests against the police shooting of Mark Duggan in Tottenham.
As Mancunians watched the racially-motivated violence unfold from the safety of their homes in the North, most believed that their city would never stoop to the astonishing levels of the rioting and looting ongoing in the capital.
Much to their dismay, however, they were mistaken.
Days later on August 9th, crowds began to gather at Salford Precinct with the intent to partake in pre-organised crime and violence. Fast-forward twelve hours and the entire shopping centre had been ransacked, countless police officers, firefighters and reporters had been attacked and the violence had slowly begun to trickle into Manchester’s city centre.
Before long, shops in the Arndale shopping centre had been smashed up and Market Street lay in ruin as it fell victim to thousands of pounds worth of very deliberate damage. In total, hundreds of people were arrested, 400 calls had been made to the region’s fire service and over a thousand incidents had been recorded.
Ten years have now passed since the events of August 9th 2011 unfolded and, to this very day, it is still known and remembered as one of the darkest days ever experienced in Manchester. So, to mark the anniversary of the riots in true style, Mancunians have been taking to Reddit to share their own memories and personal experiences from the riots.
Here are some of the most stand out stories…
Sphinx111 wrote: “It was my first time in Manchester ever. I was completely unaware that this was happening. I got off the train at Piccadilly, and started wandering into the city to find a bus to the Trafford centre. Absolute Chaos. Wasn’t really sure what to do, so I just kept walking through it all with my headphones on and nodding here and there at anyone who gave a funny look to the guy in his late 30’s in Chinos just strolling along. A year later I moved here and haven’t looked back.”
‘Got a refund for the cinema.’
DeadCretin wrote: “I remember being in the Trafford Centre and there were plenty of people with hoods up, balaclavas etc congregating outside so they closed everything early, and I got a refund for the cinema.”
‘The apartment stank of smoke all night from the fires everywhere.’
Glittery_Mermaid wrote: “Got told to get home from work as soon as possible around 4ish, had to pop over to Tesco on Market St. before walking home to our apartment. The atmosphere was so tense and panicky. Got to Trinity Way and some chav lad threw a scone at my boyfriend out of a car before they all jumped out further up near the arena to go off looting. The apartment stank of smoke all night from the fires everywhere so we had to keep the windows shut and it was roasting.”
‘That’s normal for Salford, isn’t it?’
ColdChancer wrote: “I remember it was building up and telling a lecturer that there was a helicopter and riot police at Salford precinct. His response was just, ‘That’s normal for Salford isn’t it?'”
‘I will always remember the people who volunteered to clean the centre the next day.’
Dragon8723 wrote: “I was working 12 – 8 in Spinningfields so I was on lunch 3 – 4, I remember how eerily quiet Manchester Centre was, the only people I saw were going home other than teenage lads on bikes. I went back to work at 4pm and no work was done for the rest of the day, no phone calls into the centre and everybody just watching the news on their phone. We watched the news as the rioting got closer and we were finally allowed to leave once of the windows in our building get smashed. Weird day. ETA: although the night when the riots happened was awful, I will always remember the people who volunteered to clean the centre the next day, including parents with their kids.”
‘The Subway on Portland Street had a handwritten sign in the window that said ‘Closed due to impending collapse of society.’’
SwissJAmes wrote: “Was a very weird time in Manchester- there had been riots in London the night before, and it just became more and more inevitable that things would kick off here too. I remember the Subway on Portland Street had a handwritten sign in the window that said ‘Closed due to impending collapse of society.’ Was on Market Street at around 4pm as the Arndale was closing early, all of the shops were kind of watching what the others were doing, and when the shutters came down on a few of them- that was it, they all barricaded in.”
‘It just seemed like everyone was taking an opportunity to kick windows in.’
SubtractAd wrote: “I remember chaos on Portland Street, the shops were smashed up etc. The musical instrument shop was badly affected. You couldn’t actually get into the city centre as they were police surrounding it. It just seemed like everyone taking an opportunity to kick windows in. I’d never seen anything like it.”
‘I felt trapped in my flat so I fished a bottle of jäger out of the freezer.’
Spangledpirate wrote: “I was living near the top end of Dale Street at the time, obviously the main route from Piccadilly station to the shopping area is down the main drag but a lot of the looters snuck down Dale Street instead to avoid police. I felt trapped in my flat so fished a bottle of jäger out of the freezer (wow it really was 2011) and had a couple of shots while I watched the noise and chaos from above. I remember going out to help clean up the next day and seeing the Vans shop and Dr Herman’s all smashed up.”
Did you know the NHS was born in Manchester 74 years ago today?
Happy birthday to the NHS!
Today, as our treasured National Health Service marks its 74th anniversary, we’re taking a look back on its extensive history and the substantial role Manchester played in its creation.
Life before the NHS was a bleak one; before 1900, healthcare was typically provided by charities, poor law (the local welfare committees who operated workhouses) and a criminally unregulated private sector.
Others, including many in the lower middle class, struggled to afford treatment, relying on hospital casualty departments, kind-hearted doctors or dubious folk remedies – as a result of these archaic conditions, women frequently died during childbirth and the life expectancy for men was just forty-eight.
But in 1911, that was all set to change.
The National Insurance Act of 1911, something that many regard as the original groundworks for the NHS, was introduced and, for the first time, provided access to general practitioners for manual labourers and lower paid non-manual workers earning under a certain income.
However, this groundbreaking new system wasn’t without its flaws – fees for GPs were increasing for the middle class and wealthy who were outside the system, and the wives and children of National Insurance members were excluded, as was hospital treatment, meaning that many had to pay further fees or rely on older workers’ society insurance schemes or free, less reliable clinics for mothers and children.
Something needed to change.
Nearly two decades later, the Local Government Act 1929 gave authorities the power to transform Poor Law institutions and develop them into the modern hospitals we know today. And, fast forwarding another two decades and another world war, Aneurin Bevan was appointed as the minister of health and thus, the wheels for the UK’s first National Health Service were set in motion.
On July 5th 1948, after years of hard work from various medical and political figures who felt the current healthcare system was insufficient and needed to be revolutionised, the first NHS hospital offering free healthcare for all, regardless of class, was launched at Park Hospital Manchester – known today as Trafford General Hospital.
On that historic day, Bevan arrived to inaugurate the NHS by symbolically receiving the keys from Lancashire County Council. Nurses formed a ‘guard of honour’ outside the hospital to meet him and, from that day forward, the healthcare of the nation changed forever.
In the early days, there were of course some teething problems – not long after its launch, expenditure was already exceeding previous expectations and charges were considered for prescriptions to meet the rising costs. However, by the time the 1960s rolled around, these early adjustments were altered and it was considered to be a strong period of growth for the NHS, characterised by new developments in the availability of drugs.
Since its birth here in Manchester, our NHS has gone through many changes, improvements, updates and modernisation processes, with no one back in 1948 ever fathoming the way in which the service has developed, pioneered and expanded from Manchester across the entire country.
However, there’s still room for improvement.
Today, the NHS continues to face a national crisis – the Covid-19 pandemic highlighted the impact that years of underfunding has had upon our health care service and the long-serving staff members and medical professionals that continue to hold it together.
In October 2020, it was revealed by the International Council of Nurses (ICN) that as many NHS nurses died from Covid than were killed during the entirety of the First World War.
But regardless of the hurdles thrown in its path, the NHS continues to valiantly serve the British public – the idea of a National Health Service once upon a time would have been unheard of, yet today we cannot imagine a life without it.
Happy 74th birthday to our wonderful NHS!
FORGOTTEN MANCHESTER: The rise and fall of Tommy Ducks
From coffins as tables and knickers stapled to ceiling, there wasn’t a lot that didn’t happen at Tommy Ducks…
Out of all of Manchester’s weird and wonderful institutions, the legacy of Tommy Ducks remains today as one of the all-time greats.
But what exactly happened to this infamous boozer?
Tommy Ducks stood proudly down what is now Lower Mosely Street, and is known to have roots dating all the way back to the 1800s.
While it is widely believed that it was originally named The Prince’s Tavern, the pub underwent a name change at some point in the 1870s after its egotistical landlord Thomas Duckworth wanted to name it after himself.
But rumour has it that the painter-decorator hired to replace the pub’s sign either ran out of paint and supplies or found he didn’t have enough room to fit in the full name, so improvised and come up with the name Tommy Ducks, instead.
Of course, there’s no solid evidence for this mishap actually happening, but it is certainly one of the more believable rumours about the pub’s namesake.
Anyway, the pub settled with its abbreviated name and went on to quietly serve the good people of Manchester throughout the 1900s.
But then the 1970’s arrived, and Tommy Ducks started to gain a different kind of reputation, with it quickly becoming one of the most sought after boozers in the city – quite the accomplishment considering it was stood in the middle of a recently-demolished estate.
One of the pubs more popular legacies is its makeshift tables – for reasons unbeknown to most Mancunians today, someone had the bright idea of using glass-topped coffins as tables, one of which was kidnapped by a rival pub for a while.
One of the coffins even featured a skeleton, which many people were adamant was a real one.
Tommy Ducks was also renown for having ladies knickers and bras stapled to the ceiling above the bar, with female punters allegedly been invited to remove their undies upon arrival (yes, before their first drink!).
The pub played home to these kind of shenanigans for the next couple of decades and, by the 1990s, it was one of the last standing buildings in the area, which lay in ruin following a mass demolishment.
However, in 1993 the pub’s temporary preservation order – arranged by punters and supporters back in the 1970s – expired, plunging its future into uncertainty and doubt.
Greenalls Brewery, which ran the pub, was also coming under increasing pressure by fat cat developers to sell up and shut shop.
Tragially, the temporary preservation order expired on a Friday, meaning that the council offices were closed for the weekend. And because the order couldn’t be renewed until Monday morning, demolition began in the early hours of Saturday.
While Greenalls was eventually fined £150,000 for their act of destruction, it was still too late – Tommy Ducks and its abundance of coffins and bras was gone forever.
It’s 26 years since the devastating IRA bomb and the people of Manchester are still waiting for justice
Why was no one ever arrested for the attack on our city?
Twenty-six years ago on this date, Manchester fell victim to one of the biggest bombs ever exploded in the United Kingdom.
It was a beautiful, unusually sunny morning in Manchester on June 15th, 1996 – England were about to take on Scotland in Euro ‘96, football fans were swarming the city centre for the next day’s Russia v Germany fixture at nearby Old Trafford, and the Arndale Shopping Centre – built just twenty years prior – was heaving with weekend shoppers.
However, the festivities of the warm summer’s day were all set to change when a security guard on the other side of the city received an anonymous tip off.
Sometime after 9:38am, Gary Hall – a security guard at ITV’s Granada Studios – took a phone call from a man with a ‘very calm’ Irish voice, as per The BBC.
The anonymous man went on to inform Gary that he had planted a bomb in the city centre and it would be exploding in one hour. Following the phone call, the police were immediately notified and they sprung to action locating the bomb and evacuating 80,000 people from the area.
However, this proved to be quite the task. At first, people were not keen to go; it was the 1990s and Mancunians had become seasoned to bomb scares.
One hairdresser allegedly refused to let his clients leave because they still had chemicals in their hair, arguing it would be ‘too dangerous.’ Alternatively, a group of workmen wanted to stay put because they were on weekend rates.
Slowly, though, the severity of the situation began to sink in, and authorities were able to successfully evacuate the centre, with some people screaming and running for their lives.
Amid the chaos, police spotted a stationary white lorry parked on double yellows outside of Marks & Spencer with wires running from its dashboard. A bomb squad was swiftly dispatched from Liverpool; however, their attempt to dismantle the device using a remote-controlled robot failed.
At precisely 11:17am, the 3,300lb device exploded.
Smoke mushroomed above the city as the explosion shattered glass windows and rained building debris onto the people below. In the aftermath, emergency services scrambled to deal with the injured civilians – around 220 of them, to be precise – and fire crews searched shops and offices for casualties.
Yet despite the horror and the devastation, not a single person was killed in the explosion.
Nevertheless, Manchester’s city centre lay in ruins. Historic landmarks such as Manchester Cathedral and the Royal Exchange Theatre needed what has been estimated to be billions of pounds worth of repairs and renovations and, most gravely, hundreds of people were left with life-changing injuries, both physically and mentally.
And yet, over a quarter of a century on from the devastating attack, the people of Manchester are still waiting for justice.
Quite remarkably, an arrest for whoever was responsible for the bomb was never made – it is widely believed that, while both Greater Manchester Police and Special Branch investigations identified the prime suspect, he was never actually arrested because of fears it could derail ongoing peace negotiations in Northern Ireland.
Graham Stringer, who led the council between 1984 and 1996 and who is today MP for the city’s Blackley and Broughton constituency, told The Independent: “I am sure the security services know who did this and I think it got caught up in the peace process.
“It’s appalling. In a democratic society, for someone to blow up the centre of a major city and injure hundreds of people, and then get away with it? It is wrong.”
In a 2006 review, GMP said there was no longer any ‘realistic possibility’ of a prosecution.
Detective Chief Superintendent Tony Mole said: “The Manchester bomb affected many people which is why the case has remained open and has been kept under constant review. As the 20th anniversary of the incident approaches, it is now the right time for another assessment of the case in order to identify and explore any possible potential investigative opportunities.
“If new information comes to light it would be considered, and I would urge anyone with information relevant to the investigation to get in touch with police.”