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FORGOTTEN MANCHESTER: The city’s hidden burial sites

Dozens of ancient burial grounds lay beneath Manchester…

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phill.d / Flickr & Google Maps

It’s no secret that below the surface of the hustle and bustle of Manchester, there lurks a number of ancient burial sites.

Over the years, dozens of cemeteries were built across the city, with thousands upon thousands of bodies being buried, either in grand ceremonies or in archaic public graves. 

And while Manchester has been gradually built and developed above these cemeteries, their legacy remains way below the surface, unbeknown to the vast majority of the public. 

Here’s some of the most prolific burial sites the city has hidden beneath its surface…

St. Augustine’s Catholic Burial Ground, 1820 – 1854

Manchester Archives

While the St. Augustine’s Catholic Burial Ground was demolished over a hundred years ago, its remains continue to lurk beneath a part of Manchester University’s campus on Granby Row.

The burial ground at St Augustine’s officially opened in 1820 and was situated on Granby Row so that access could also be gained via pump Street. However, just a few years after its opening, the site attracted unwanted criminal activity, with William Harrison and William Johnson breaking in and stealing a body from one of the freshly interred graves in 1824.

In 1854, the burial ground became too full’and was considered a risk to human health, resulting in it permanently closing – that same year, excavations for a new schoolrooms took place, resulting in diggers accidentally spearing a buried body with their spades. 

The church of St Augustine’s remained in use until 1908 and a year later the church and the burial ground were sold to the Manchester Corporation. 

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Ardwick Cemetery, 1838 – 1950

Where the Nichols Community Football Centre now stands was the eerie Ardwick Cemetery, located just off of Hyde Road. 

The cemetery was first opened on March 11th 1838, with its first body being that of seventy-eight-year old Johanna Naylor. She was buried in public grave 1286 which, over the next eighteen months, another seventy-five coffins would join her.

By the end of the century, Ardwick Cemetery became the final resting place for some of the towns most influential and notable residents, including the chemist and physicist John Dalton, who apparently had one of the ‘grandest funerals’ the town had witnessed.

In 1950, the Ardwick Cemetery was officially closed for further burials, with an estimated 80,000 people having been interred over the years. Today, all that remains of the cemetery is the former stone gate posts that still mark the entrance of the football centre.

The New Burial Ground, 1789 – 1815

David Dixon / Geograph

Unbeknown to many of the Green Quarter’s residents, the popular Angel Meadow park sits upon an ancient cemetery known as the All Saints Burial Ground.

The cemetery first opened for burials on July 24th 1789 and is believed to have been made up of public graves – graves that would have contained several coffins of people that could not afford their own grave.

All Saints Burial Ground was deemed as full by 1815, with an estimated 30,000 – 40,000 bodies being buried there at one time. During the 1860s, the land was flattened and covered in flagstones, with it later being re-named St. Michael’s flags. 

And in the 1890s, the site and its many bodies was grassed over and converted into a public park, which it remains as to this very day. 

All Saints Burial Ground, 1820 – 1881

Manchester Archives

All Saints Park, just down Oxford Road past the Palace Theatre, sits upon the old All Saints Burial Ground, which welcomed its first body on April 19th 1820.

This burial site was one of the busiest in Manchester, with the number of bodies admitted becoming a real concern to the local residents. According to the archives, locals were worried that waste matter from the freshly buried corpses was seeping into the water supply and contaminating those living in the town… Makes your own worries seem insignificant, doesn’t it?

In 1856, the cemetery was partly closed under direction of the new Burial Acts, meaning no new graves were allowed to be dug. However, this closure did not satisfy the local residents, who complained to the Manchester Guardian that graves were remaining open for weeks, thus damaging the health of those that lived in the area.

Eventually, the grounds were sold to the council and in 1935, the All Saints playground officially opened. After the Blitz, it was transformed into the park it is today.

New Jerusalem Church, 1793 – 1854

Google Maps

Down what is now one of the more elusive ends of Manchester’s city centre once stood the New Jerusalem Church, which housed a seizable cemetery.

The burial ground ran along the side of the Church and, while it is unclear exactly how many burials were there, in 1854 it was closed and the Peter Street School was built on top of the land – now that’s what you call a haunted school.

In 1901 the building was obtained by the Manchester Corporation and the building was demolished. The Corporation then began an excavation process began to remove some of the bodies that still lay under the school.

After this process has finished the Methodist Mission built a new building called the Albert Hall, which still stands today.

Walkers Croft Burial Ground, 1815 – 1848

Google Maps

Hidden beneath the hustle and bustle of Manchester’s Victoria Train Station was once the Walkers Croft Burial Ground, an area notorious for body snatchers.

The first burial took place in 1815, with it being primarily reserved for pauper and public grave burials. However, much like other burial sites of its time, during the 1820s Walkers Croft Burial Ground came under attack from body snatchers, who were operating across a number graveyards across the town.

The burial site became the centre of a public scandal a decade later when a young cholera victim named John Brogan arrived for burial without his head, which had sickeningly been replaced with a brick.

The final burial at the site took place in 1848 and ground was sold to make way for the railway. Many of the bodies remained, with remains been found as recently as 2010.

Rusholme Road Cemetery, 1821 – 1954

Gerald England / Flickr

The Dissenters’ cemetery on Rusholme Road opened on May 16th 1821, and proved to be extremely popular amongst Manchester’s middle and upper classes, attracting some high-profile burials such as that of John Edward Taylor, the founder of the Manchester Guardian.

However, in 1837 the cemetery came under strain thanks to the severe influenza outbreak, which affected nearly every family in the town. On the worst day of the influenza outbreak, the number of burials in the cemetery reportedly reached thirty-six.

In 1954, the cemetery came under control of the Manchester Corporation, who informed relatives of the deceased that if they did not claim any of their memorials or headstones, the bodies would be removed and disposed of. As you can see, the 1950s were a grim time to be alive.

However, the bodies of those buried at the Rusholme Road Cemetery – which is estimated to be over 66,000 – remain peacefully undisturbed under the park.

Feature

The Manchester charity pairing young people with the elderly to combat loneliness at Christmas

Manchester Cares is doubling down its efforts to prevent loneliness among communities over the festive period

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For most, Christmas is a time for family and friends, but for others it is instead a time of isolation and loneliness. 

According to the Campaign to End Loneliness, around 45% of adults in the UK experience some form of loneliness, a feeling that intensifies over the festive period.  

So this is why local charity Manchester Cares is doubling down on its efforts to combat the issue of loneliness among communities across Manchester this Christmas.

Founded five years ago, Manchester Cares brings younger and older generations together through group activities and one-on-one friendships, giving them the opportunity to build genuine and meaningful connections. 

Manchester Cares

Manchester Cares hosts and organises a whole variety of Social Clubs for its community members to enjoy together, including pub quizzes, wine tasting, documentary clubs and even trips to Manchester Art Gallery.

All free for those wanting to join them in their mission of bringing younger and older people together to build community and connection across our wonderful city. 

The charity relies heavily on the help of its members and volunteers to keep loneliness and isolation at bay. But as the cost-of-living crisis plunges the UK further into a loneliness epidemic, Manchester Cares needs your help more than ever before. 

Manchester Cares’ Head of Programmes Vicky Harrold says the charity will be organising and hosting a whole array of neighbour meet-ups and activity sessions for those struggling with both loneliness and financial pressures this Christmas.

Manchester Cares

Vicky told Proper Manchester: This Christmas we will be continuing to do what we do best, curate spaces that bring younger and older people together to share time, stories, and laughter. We want to be the place that provides emotional respite to all the challenging things that are happening in the world right now.”

Vicky also said that the charity will also be extending the length of its clubs this winter in order for neighbours to have somewhere warm to spend their time at no extra cost.

She added: “We’ll be offering food and refreshments along with festive films, parties, wreath making and most importantly the opportunity to have a chat with someone you wouldn’t ordinarily meet.” 

Manchester Cares

In addition to the Festive Clubs, Manchester Cares members will also be paying visits to anyone who they think will be spending the Christmas period alone in the week leading up to the big day.

Vicky explained: “Initially, we would give out little gifts, but we now recognise that it’s sharing time that means the most.

But Manchester Cares recognises that community and connection don’t just matter at Christmas; they matter all year round.

That’s why the charity is always welcoming new members to join its community network in its fight against loneliness in Manchester, regardless of the time of year.

Manchester Cares

People are now being urged to sign up through the Manchester Cares website and come along to one of its general inductions. Vicky stressed that there’s no expectation for anyone to get involved, and that it’s simply an opportunity to hear a bit more about what Manchester Cares does and how people can get involved.

Offering a final bit of advice for anyone struggling with any of these issues, Vicky said: “Try stepping away from social media and investing that time into creating meaningful interactions every day.

“This can be anything from making that call to a friend you’ve been meaning to for a while, to saying hello to the bus driver on your way to work.

“And if you’re lucky enough to still have older family members, we really encourage you to go and chat to them, pick up the phone or have a brew – we hear the best stories every day just from starting that conversation.

Manchester Cares

“And finally, there are so many amazing charities like ours doing such great work- volunteering your time can be such a fun and rewarding way to meet new people.

“We’ve seen over our first five years, sharing time is the best gift you can ever give.”

From November 29th to December 6th 2022, Manchester Cares is taking part in The Big Give Christmas Challenge to help bring our neighbours together to stay warm, active and connected. Donations made during that week are doubled, meaning your gift will make twice the difference this winter. Find out how you can support here. 

Manchester Cares is always on the look out for new volunteers, community members and neighbours to join them in their fight against loneliness. 

People can join the community, or can alternatively make a referral for anyone over 65 they think will benefit from the clubs and programmes. 

All of this can be done via the Manchester Cares website.

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Feature

Chester Zoo has a paid apprenticeship scheme that doesn’t require qualifications

We spoke to Rachel McCann, who is helping Chester Zoo with its mission to save Eastern black rhinos from extinction

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When news first arose of Chester Zoo’s apprenticeship scheme earlier this year, many people couldn’t help but ponder the possibility of a swift career change.

For the first time, the UK’s leading conservation zoo was giving people the chance to embark upon a career in conservation without the need for any qualifications.

The scheme opened up opportunities in a variety of roles, including zookeepers, aquarists and horticulturalists, as well as positions in animal and plant logistics.

But a role at Chester Zoo isn’t for the faint of heart, which is something rhino keeper Rachel McCann can most certainly vouch for.

Rachel joined the zoo’s team three years ago as a giraffe keeper, but was later transferred to the rhino team thanks to her specific skill set and past experience.

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Yet while many might assume her day consists mainly of spending quality time with Chester Zoo’s eight Eastern black rhino inhabitants – Kitani, Malindi, Ema-elsa, Kasulu, Ike, Jumaane, Zuri and Gabe – Rachel actually plays a huge part in the conservation and repopulation of this critically endangered species.

Thanks to human conflict, poaching threats and habitat destruction, there are only 5,000 Eastern black rhinos left in the wild and a mere ninety in zoos around the world – something Chester Zoo is working tirelessly to change.

Rachel told Proper Manchester that her role as a keeper takes a predominant focus on reintroducing black rhinos back into the wild and boosting birth numbers among the animals not only at Chester, but at a variety of zoos across Europe and in the wild in Africa.

And this all starts in one place; the faeces.

Several times a week, Rachel is tasked with collecting faecal samples from the female rhinos, which are then sent off to the zoo’s on-site conservation lab for testing and analysis.

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Thanks to these samples, the zoo’s conservation team are able to track the rhino’s ovulation cycles and determine when to pair them with males to breed. 

Rachel explained: “Through this testing, we’re able to see which pairs work best for breeding going off their cycles, their weight and their personalities. The rhinos are now matched up going by the best genetic compatibility. 

“This research is also applied to how we can help rhinos out in the wild – any of our research, for that matter, can be applied for helping wild animals too.”

And a higher number of births at the zoo equates for a better chance of the black rhinos’ population being increased out in the wild, which is part of Chester Zoo’s mission to prevent extinction.

However, the process of reintroducing rhinos back into the wild is a lengthy one. Rachel explained: “The main bulk of the reintroduction process is reducing human contact, because we don’t want them approaching people once they’re back in the wild.

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“Keeper contact is gradually fazed out, so they don’t see us hardly ever, whether it be putting food out or tidying up the paddock. Once they’re ready, they’ll be released into a secured area with zero human contact.

“They are then released into protected areas with rangers on duty for their safety. Without all of that, we wouldn’t be able to save the species.”

And Chester Zoo’s conservation work isn’t just restricted to breeding; the zoo has a dedicated team out in Kenya that educates local communities about the animals in a bid to allow them to co-exist peacefully, ultimately reducing conflict.

Rachel said: “We fund rangers out in Africa to protect wild black rhinos and also work with local communities and schools to reduce wildlife conflict.

“Poaching is their biggest threat alongside habitat loss, so it’s important when working with communities to reduce this conflict. Local people struggle because rhinos destroy their crops, so it’s about finding solutions for them to coexist and live alongside each other.”

Manchester’s Finest Group

Though Rachel’s responsibilities don’t end there, as the role of zoo keeper certainly isn’t without its graft – and many cups of tea, something she says is ‘definitely the most important part of the day’.

Her day typically begins at 8am, where she begins the laborious jobs of cleaning up the paddocks, tidying up any left over food and droppings from the previous day and replenishing the rhino’s food and water.

Keepers also use this time in the mornings to give the animals a quick once-over to ensure they’re of good health. This can involve checking their eyes, ears and even the insides of their mouths for any sign of infection or decay.

A zoo keeper’s afternoon tends to consist of a lot of prep for the following day. Rachel explained: “We have really busy days, so prepping the day before helps a lot so we can make the most of our time.

“We’ve got a lot of mouths to feed! We sometimes switch up the feeding times to reduce the rhinos anticipating us coming. Switching up the routine keeps them on their toes.

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“They’re very smart and switched on, so it’s good to give them a challenge and ensure their days are different. We don’t want their days to be too repetitive. 

“We give out our last feeds during the afternoons and carry out the final checks. And then, we go home, go to bed and start it all again the next day.”

Yet while the role may be laborious, challenging, and even testing at times, Rachel wouldn’t change any of it.

She said: “I love working with the rhinos, they’re magnificent but have a soft and sensitive side too. That makes working with them every day very different, no day is the same.

“They’re always getting up to mischief.

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“My favourite part of the job though is getting to work with such a rare species every single day. While it is sad to see how endangered their species are, for me it’s actually a motivation each day to get out of bed and come to work to help get them back into the wild. 

“The rhinos at Chester Zoo are ambassadors for their species, they show the public and visitors how amazing they are and why we should be saving them.”

For more information on Chester Zoo’s family of black rhinos and what they’re doing to save the species, visit the official website here.

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Feature

Here’s what happened to the infamous Kersal Massive after their early viral fame

The ringleader of the notorious rap trio was tracked down a few years ago…

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YouTube

Back in the early days of the internet, before the birth of TikTok and when YouTube reigned supreme, an unassuming rapping trio from Manchester were catapulted to viral stardom.

C-Mac, Little F*****g Kevin and Ginger Joe, all from Salford, made up the Kersal Massive, a rap trio that would go on to become instant internet stars thanks to their rap song about day-to-day life in Manchester.

Instead of using their music to address social inequality or political issues, the Kersal Massive instead opted to rap about life in Manchester, grand theft auto and using their day saver bus passes. 

Their rap song was actually an entry for a contest to win a Kano-themed BMX, hosted by former record label 679 Recordings. Shockingly, the Kersal Massive didn’t win, but the video wound up on the internet, where they found online fame instead.

The video was one of the first viral sensations to ever grace the internet, and today has over 1.8m views on YouTube alone. 

For years people have been trying to decipher the meaning behind the song, with one YouTuber optimistically commenting: “By referring to a ‘day saver’, Little Kev highlights the struggle of the working class, while at the same time bringing up questions about religion and culture with the following ‘laid low, did a grand theft auto’ line, and how the incarceration of the young in today’s western world is affecting our society.

“Such a lyrical genius. A poet in his own right.”

Another commented: “It has been said Ginger Joe now travels the globe giving lectures on philosophy and ethics… and is also a UN spokesman answering questions on the [meaning of] being human.” 

Someone even went to the bother of creating a lyric page to search for any hidden meanings or political agendas behind the track – unsurprisingly, none were found. 

Despite their initial success and claims of having ‘all the money ’cause we know how to rap’, however, the Kersal Massive only ever released the one song, and were as quick to slip out of the spotlight as they were to enter it. 

This has caused many people to wonder what exactly happened to the Kersal Massive over the years, and what the rapping trio are up to these days. 

Well, The Tab claimed to have tracked down the infamous ringleader of the Kersal Massive, C-Mac, back in 2016.

They said at the time that C-Mac – real name Callum – still lived in Salford and was working for a law firm in Manchester.

He told the publication of the video: “It was uploaded to the internet over ten years ago. It was done as a joke and then it just went viral. I don’t actually know who uploaded it to YouTube, it wasn’t me.”

Then, Callum went on to break the hearts of Kersal Massive fans far and wide by adding: “I am not in touch with the other two lads anymore.”

While the beloved Ginger Joe is yet to be identified or tracked down, many social media users believed a man on the run from GMP for a series of gun-related offences was in fact a grown-up Little F*****g Kev… though this was never proven. 

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